Not sleeping properly can not only affect our energy levels and appearance but also our brain functions. Getting enough Zzz’s can help support learning and memory as well as regulate our mood, appetite, and libido. When looking at the brain of someone who is sleep-deprived. Scientists have found reduced metabolism and blood flow in multiple brain regions.

Be Social

Making friends and socializing has a great impact on our emotional well-being as well as brain functions. How? When speaking to people and building relationships you have to pay attention to what they save and then use your memory to recall information to be able to hold a conversation.

Pick up a Foreign Language

Did you know that learning a foreign language can actually make your brain bigger? It can also boost your creativity and ability to focus. But most importantly, learning another language gives you ‘a cognitive reserve’ that helps to protect against the changes that can occur during aging. Speaking a second language throughout your life could delay the onset of Alzheimer’s. Studies show that people who speak two languages may develop dementia more than four years later than those who speak only one language! Language learning leads to more neutral connections. More neural stability and more resilience to neural damage.

Using Music

Research suggests that playing a musical instrument when you are older can give you a 36% lowered risk of developing dementia and cognitive damage. Can’t play an instrument? Don’t worry, singing can help you remember words easily too. Think how easily you can remember the words to songs that you sang years ago — and yet how much harder it often is to remember a poem or piece of prose that isn’t set to music.

Start Knitting

Apparently knitting is set to be the new baking. It isn’t just something elderly women do and it has recently become popular with celebrities. Apart from helping you to relax it can also boost your mental health as it stimulates almost all of your brain. When knitting, you need to stay focused, plan what you’re doing in advance and also use visual information and coordinate your movements.

Teach Your Body a new Skill

Walking in a new park or taking a dance class can fire up new neural pathways that keep your brain in touch. Remembering steps in a dance is a workout for your brain — learning the flow and rhythm of the music stimulates cognitive activity while learning and performing the steps is great for both your memory and your physical fitness. Active learning is the perfect complement for jigsaws, Sudoku and crosswords.

Set Yourself Challenges

Counting backwards from 100 in 2s, 3s, or 4s is a good one, and you can make it harder by doing something else at the same time, such as tapping your foot. Or try the ‘tip-of-the-tongue’ game — think of a theme such as ‘food’ and name as many items relevant to the theme as you can in one minute. Most people can do 50. Can you double it?

Write Things Down

Studies have shown that the act of writing something down forces your brain to recall it in a way that typing on your computer or phone does not.


Who doesn’t love laughing? It not only lifts your mood but it’s also a great calorie burner. However, researchers have also discovered that laughing can also minimize the damage that stress hormone cortisol can cause (it damages certain neurons in our brain and affects learning ability as well as memory).